Malaysia Ageing and Retirement Survey (MARS)

MARS is a longitudinal study currently being implemented by the Centre aimed at respondents aged 50 and above. A pilot survey will be conducted throughout Malaysia, scheduled to start in November 2017.


The main objective of MARS is to gather micro-level data on people aged 50 years and older. The data will provide invaluable input for the Blueprint for Active Ageing Malaysia towards strengthening Malaysia’s social protection system. The MARS project is implemented with the following specific objectives:


Issues & Challenges

To gain an in-depth understanding of the issues and challenges on retirement and ageing


To offer evidence-based recommendations on opportunities and policies on retirement and ageing

Meaningful Ageing

To be part of global reporting on active ageing

Core Components of MARS

Health, healthcare utilization, health insurance and long-term care

This module is about respondents' health status and health behaviours. Contents include health status, daily activity, illness and other health problems.

Work, employment and retirement

This module is about respondents' work and employment status. Contents include work status, work history, work hours, and retirement information

Family, living arrangement and social network

This module gathers family and family exchange information between children, siblings, parents and other relatives. Family exchange information includes contact frequency.

Financial and housing wealth

This module collects respondents’ total family wealth, types of asset holding and amount, house ownership and more.

Income and consumption

This module collects information on respondents' income and consumption at both individual and household level.

Psycho-social well-being

This module gathers respondents’ state of being and satisfaction on married life, family, living conditions, finance, health, religious practice, security, environment and the government.

MARS is in consultation with


University of Tokyo



University of Tokyo


Axel Börsch-Supan

Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (SHARE)

JinKook Lee

Program on Global Aging, Health and Policy 
University of Southern California

John Strauss

Department of Economics and School of Gerontology, University of Southern California

Michael D. Hurd

RAND Center for the Study of Aging

Collaborative Partners

MARS is currently engaging with the Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM) and Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health for possible partnership as well as experts from the RAND Corporation and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

MARS is part of the Gateway to Global Aging Data